The Original Conspiracy and the Two Nation Theory

1) The Original Conspiracy

The legend goes that human history is the record of an eternal battle between the Order of the Selfish Ones, and the Order of the Truth Seekers. Through the ages many Truth Seekers have embarked on the quest to unlock humanity’s true potential. But the Selfish Ones have slandered them, murdered them, and rewritten history, all to make humanity forget and stop believing.

– Systems, p.337

2) The Two Nation Theory

The Quran does not recognise the concept of majorities and minorities. It teaches that all humans are born equal on the basis of their having a common origin (4:1). It teaches that a true democracy rests not on the principle of simple majority rule (6:116) but rather on the principle of consensus (aiming for unanimity) by ‘mutual consultation’ (42:38). It also teaches that humans only differ by the type of deen [total civilisation: religion, politics, culture] that they follow; and that strictly speaking there are only two types of human society: one that lives by the universal spiritual principles of liberty, justice and solidarity, and the other that does not (5:56-7). This is the Quranic basis of the Two-Nation Theory. It has nothing to do with communalism, and everything to do with the active behaviour of a society that claims to be ‘good’. (2:148)

– Secular Jinnah & Pakistan, p.203 (Yes, I did consciously sneak the Cohesive Ethics Theorem into that passage at the time of writing the book.)

A one-time event?

A one-time event?

What we forgot

The above passages from my two books are basically talking about the came thing. I was recently having a conversation with a friend by email and something that came up there compelled me to write this post. These remarks from my email get straight to the point of what I want to share here:

“As an aside, you know the term “Original Conspiracy” of Systems is a corruption of the Christian [term] “Original Sin”, and that in any case the former [term] clears up the truth about the implications of the Adam story, aka the Two Nation Theory? And it also helps explain what Satan is – namely, the so-called dark side of free will, the selfish gene, human pride and arrogance, or intellect minus “love”? He is the original “other”, the bringer of the second choice, separation, and disagreement. … [The consensus/nationality principles] are timeless and have been taken up before … The Quran tells us that we have adopted them and forgotten them many times. “Satan has overcome them and made them forget the remembrance of Allah” (58:19). My “Conspiracy” is inspired from this idea of rewritten and forgotten history.”

Hanif Omar

Hanif Omar. Practical idealist.

The broad “implications of Adam’s story” (the Fall) mentioned in that email is what Systems is all about; and an individual historical case study of the Two Nation Theory is what SJ2 is all about. We are taught to believe that human potential has never been unlocked, that there has never been an ideal society – and that in fact it’s impossible anyway. Is this all really true, or have there just been enough slanders, murders and rewrites of history to make us forget?

“Some would say that what I have suggested is utopian, and moreover impossible. This is not so. As I see it, humanity cannot realise its true potential until we accept that an ideal society is not only possible, but absolutely mandatory.”

So says Prof. Hanif Omar in Systems. But does anyone share his belief in real life?


MA Jinnah. Another practical idealist.

MA Jinnah. Another practical idealist.

Words from a Truth Seeker

These are the words of MA Jinnah, founder of Pakistan, in Chittagong in 1948.

“It is natural for some to think only in terms of Government, but the sooner we realise and adjust ourselves to new forces, the sooner our mind’s eye is capable of piercing through the horizons to see the limitless possibilities of our State and our Nation, the better for Pakistan. Then and then alone it would be possible for each one of us to realise the great ideals of human progress, of social justice, of equality and of fraternity, which, on the one hand, constitute the basic causes of the birth of Pakistan and also the limitless possibilities of evolving an ideal social structure of our State. I reiterate most emphatically that Pakistan was made possible because of the danger of complete annihilation of the human soul in a society based on caste. Now that the soul is free to exist and to aspire, it must assert itself, galvanizing not only the State but also the Nation.”

Although this Truth Seeker was not murdered (despite what conspiracy theorists of another kind might think), after his death he has been certainly been slandered, and the history of Pakistan has been rewritten. It sounds far-fetched to some, which is understandable. Admittedly, I too might not have believed it, if I hadn’t discovered it for myself.


  1. This is extremely helpful post about the true meaning of TWO NATION THEORY. The references quoted from Quran are very interesting and are valuable source for thought provoking discussion on this entire thesis.

    A personal input about Adam, I think the genesis story of angels prostrating before Adam is not the beginning but the end of the story where the potential of Adam achieves its pinnacle and the entire forces of nature submit to him like it submitted to God before. We have been shown the end before, the human story therefore starts from climax! What happens after that is actually from where the story starts.

  2. Many muslim leaders have supported the Two Nation Theory. Some Of Their Comments And Statements I Have Collected Here. I Hope You Will Find It Useful All In One Place.
    Two Nation Theory | Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

  3. According to the Quran, the Creator of the mankind has divided human beings into two main categories. This categorization is based on their specific belief/value system instead of factors such as their descent, race, colour, language or geographical location. One category of mankind that accepts that belief/value system is called the category of Believers or Momins and the one that rejects that belief/value system is known as the category of Disbelievers or Kafirs.

    هُوَ الَّذِيْ خَلَقَكُمْ فَمِنْكُمْ كَافِرٌ وَّمِنْكُمْ مُّؤْمِنٌ ۭ وَاللّٰهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُوْنَ بَصِيْرٌ
    He it is Who has created you all; then someone amongst you is a disbeliever and someone amongst you is a believer; and Allah is ever beholding whatever you do.
    [Al-Quran Surah 64: Verse 2]

    The Creator of the mankind has given full liberty and freedom to human beings for being a believer or disbeliever, of course, with a warning that whoever will act unjustly will have to bear the consequences.

    وَقُلِ الْحَقُّ مِنْ رَّبِّكُمْ ۣ فَمَنْ شَاۗءَ فَلْيُؤْمِنْ وَّمَنْ شَاۗءَ فَلْيَكْفُرْ ۙ اِنَّآ اَعْتَدْنَا لِلظّٰلِمِيْنَ نَارًا

    And Say: (It is) the truth from your Lord. Then whosoever will, let him believe, and whosoever will, let him disbelieve. (However, keep in mind that) We have indeed prepared a fire (of hell) for the wrongdoers.
    [Al-Quran Surah 18: Verse 29]

    In addition to giving complete liberty in choosing one’s beliefs, the Creator of the mankind has also given full freedom of action, of course, again with a warning of the consequences.

    اِنَّ الَّذِيْنَ يُلْحِدُوْنَ فِيْٓ اٰيٰتِنَا لَا يَخْفَوْنَ عَلَيْنَا ۭ اَفَمَنْ يُّلْقٰى فِي النَّارِ خَيْرٌ اَمْ مَّنْ يَّاْتِيْٓ اٰمِنًا يَّوْمَ الْقِيٰمَةِ ۭ اِعْمَلُوْا مَا شِئْتُمْ ۙ اِنَّهٗ بِمَا تَعْمَلُوْنَ بَصِيْرٌ
    Verily, those who turn away from Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), are not hidden from Us. Is he who is cast into the Fire better or he who comes secure on the Day of Resurrection? Do whatever you will. Verily! He is ever beholding whatever you do.
    [Al-Quran Surah 41: Verse 40]

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